The Value of Tears
Tears can ruin make-up, bring conversation to a stop, and give you a runny nose. They can leave you embarrassed and without energy. However, crying is a fact of life, and tears are very useful. Even when you're not crying, your eyes produce tears. These create a film over the eye's surface. This film contains a substance that protects your eyes against infection.
Tears relieve stress, but we tend to fight them for all sorts of reasons. "People worry about showing their emotions. They're afraid that once they lose control, they'll never get it back."
explains psychologist Dorothy Rowe. "As children we were sometimes punished for shedding tears or expressing anger. As adults we still fear the consequences of showing emotions."
Almost any emotion--good or bad, happy or sad--can cause tears. Crying is a way that we release built-up emotions. Tears help you when you feel you are ready to explode because of very strong feelings. It may explain why people who are afraid to cry often suffer more heart attacks than people who cry more freely.
When some people become very stressed, however, they can't cry. They may be feeling shock,angel fear, or grief, but they repress (抑制) the emotion. "Everyone has the need to cry," says psychotherapist(精神治疗师)Vera Diamond. Sometimes in therapy sessions, patients participate in crying exercises. They practice crying so that they can get used to expressing emotion. Diamond says it's best to cry in safe, private places, like under the bedcovers or in the car. That's because many people get uncomfortable when others cry in front of them. In fact, they may be repressing
their own need to cry.
In certain situations, such as at work, tears are not appropriate. It's good to hold back tears during a tense business discussion. "But once you are safely behind closed doors, don't just cry,"Diamond says. She suggests that you act out the whole situation again and be as noisy and angry as you like. It will help you feel better. "And, "she adds," once our tears have released the stress, you can begin to think of logical ways to deal problem."
Tears are a sign of our ability to feel. You should never be afraid to cry.
41. The word "film" in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to __________.
42. Crying is useful in that it
A. helps you not to explore
B. eases heart attacks
C. makes others comfortable
D. cleans your eyes
43. According to Vera Diamond, crying should be__________.
D. done in public
44. What are you expected to do in a tense business discussion?
A. Hold back your tears.
B. Cry in private.
C. Release your stress with tears.
D. Find out the problems.
45. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. How to release your stress.
B. Ways to repress your emotion in public.
C. How to fight tears in a business situation.
D. Importance and necessity of crying.
41．C。词汇题。题干：第一段中的“film”的意思是__________。鉴于职称英语允许考生携带词典，通过查词典可知，film的意思有“电影，胶片，薄层”等意思，根据语境“These create a film over the eye’S surface”可知这里指的是在眼睛表面形成的一层东西，由此推知film在这里是“薄层”的意思，对比四个选项，coat(外套，外层)在语义上与film(薄层)最接近，所以该题答案为C(外套，外层)。
43．A。细节题。题干：根据Vera Diamond，哭泣是__________。利用题干关键词Vera Diamond
44．A。细节题。题干：在紧张的商务商谈中，你可以__________。利用题干关键词tense business discussion可以定位到第五段的第二句，可知在紧张的商务商谈中能抑制住哭泣是好的，所以该题答案为A(忍住不流泪)。
45．D。主旨题。题干：这篇文章的大意是什么?从题目the value oftears以及文中的核心高频词汇tear和crying，可知该文谈论的是眼泪的价值；同时，结合每段的段落大意，第一段指出眼泪虽然不好但却是有用的，第二段说明t艮91可以缓解压力(relieve stress)，第三段讲哭泣或眼泪可以释放累积的情感(release built—up emotions)，第四段说明哭泣是可以练习的(practice)，第五段说明有些场合哭泣是不合适的，最后一段提出眼泪是一种情感能力，所以该题答案为D(哭泣的重要性和必要性)。