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【圣诞节必备】圣诞老人的来历及圣诞节相关英语介绍

2018-11-21 14:28:00   无忧考网     [ 手机版 ] [ 文档预览 ] [ 文档下载 ]
英语资源网权威发布《【圣诞节必备】圣诞老人的来历及圣诞节相关英语介绍》(全文共10800字),更多【圣诞节必备】圣诞老人的来历及圣诞节相关英语介绍相关文档资源请访问无忧考网英语资源频道。

【导语】每年的12月25日是一年一度的圣诞节,这个在西方社会历史悠久的节日,如今在世界其他地区也很流行。2018年的圣诞节再过一段时间也要到了,那么就让无忧考网为你盘点下你不一定知道的圣诞节英语知识吧,欢迎阅读参考!更多相关讯息请关注无忧考网!





圣诞节的英语介绍


  1.Christmas Day


  Every year on dec. 25, the birth of Jesus Christ was memorial day of the Muslim, called the Christmas.


  每年的12月25日,是基 督教徒纪念耶稣诞生的日子,称为圣诞节。


  From December 24th to next January 6 is Christmas feast. During the festival, christians were held the ceremony. Christmas is originally Christian festivals, because of people attention, it became a national holiday, the biggest festival in a year, and the New Year in western .It is like the Spring Festival of China. Exchanging gifts and sending Christmas CARDS on Christmas day cele/pate Christmas.


  从12月24日于翌年1月6日为圣诞节节期。节日期间,各国基 督教徒都举行隆重的纪念仪式。圣诞节本来是基 督教徒的节日,由于人们格外重视,它便成为一个全民性的节日,国家一年中最盛大的节日,可以和新年相提并论,类似我们的春节。交换礼物,寄圣诞卡,这都使圣诞节成为一个普天同庆的日子。


  2.the Christmas Eve


  Christmas Eve is also commonly says Christmas Eve ,and the family reunion in the sitting room, will be around the tree to sing Christmas carols and exchange gifts, and share the joys and sorrows of a life, express the wish and love. In that night will see a group of lovely boys or girls, playing a guitar,singing a poem and a good tidings.


  圣诞节前夕也就是俗说的平安夜,当晚,全家人会团聚在客厅中,围绕在圣诞树旁唱圣诞歌曲,互相交换礼物,彼此分享一年来生活中的喜怒哀乐,表达内心的祝福及爱。在这天晚上都会看到一群可爱的小男生或小女生,弹着吉他,一家一家的唱着诗歌报佳音。


  The red and white sceneries is Santa Claus, He is the most popular pepole. Western children on Christmas Eve will put a sock near the fireplace or a pillow before going to sleep,They thought Santa Claus will fill it with gifts in the sleep.


  红色与白色相映成趣的是圣诞老人,他是圣诞节活动中欢迎的人物。西方儿童在圣诞夜临睡之前,要在壁炉前或枕头旁放上一只袜子,等候圣诞老人在他们入睡后把礼物放在袜子内。


  It is said that Santa Claus would drive reindeer sleigh full guild to send gifts for the children on Christmas Eve, he would enter into the house quietly by the chimney, put present in stocking.which hangs on the head of a bed .So the children always strips of colour profusion stockings at the head of a bed, and put a cup of hot milk beside the socks to the household of Santa Claus to thirst, and hope that Santa Claus would send a gift for himself. The next day , every child can't wait to open the ritual, want to know what his reward.


  据说平安夜的晚上,圣诞节老公公会驾着驯鹿雪橇满载着礼物准备送点这一年来表现很好的小朋友,他会悄悄地从烟囱爬进屋内,礼物塞在挂在床头的袜子里。所以孩子总会把一条条色彩缤纷的袜子挂在床头,并在袜子旁边放杯热牛奶给劳苦功高的圣诞老人解渴,并送份大礼给自己。 隔天每个小朋友都迫不及待地打开礼,想知道自己得到什么奖励。


  3.The origin of the Christmas tree


  Christmas tree really appear in Germany, after the first introduced to Europe and America, and become the indispensable Christmas decorations. They usually use colourful lights, wax, gifts or angels, for Christmas .especially in the northwestern living people, because the local rich forest resources, they will go to pick the trees as a real tree. Christmas is a natural variety, pine tree and Christmas are also man-made and white Christmas. Each tree is hung on the SAN marino adornment, but every tree must have a big star at the top of the tree, symbolized star that guide the magi found Jesus. And in the traditional custom, and only the Lord of a family can put the star, others can't hang the longterm.


  然而圣诞树真正出现在圣诞节,首先见于德国,之后又传入欧洲和美国,成为圣诞节不可或缺的装饰物。他们通常用五光十色的彩灯、蜡、礼物或天使来装圣诞树,尤其住在美国西北部的人们,因为当地丰富的森林资源,他们会全家人一起去挑选一棵真正的树做为圣诞树。圣诞树的种类繁多,有天然松柏圣诞树、也有人造圣诞树及白色圣诞树。每棵圣诞树上都挂满琳琅满目的装饰品,但每棵树的顶端必定有一棵特大的星星,像征着那颗引导东方三博士找到耶稣的星星。而且在传统习俗上,只有家庭的一家之主才可以把这颗希望之星挂上,旁人是不可以越俎代庖的。





关于圣诞老人你不知道的知识


  大胡子老头儿从哪儿来?


  圣诞老人的原型尼古拉斯,在公元280年出生于名叫利西亚的地方。当然,现在的地图上有利比亚,有西亚,可就是没有利西亚——这片土地在今天的土耳其境内。


  相传,在早期的教会中,尼古拉斯由一名牧师晋升为主教,而他的第一幅画像就是穿着主教的仪式长袍——红色镶有白边的衣服。世纪君实在没能找到那张画像,不过主教的衣服,可能大约是这个样子的。


  The original Nicholas was born in 280 A.D. in the small country of Lycia, which is now part of modern-day Turkey. Nicholas became first a priest and then a bishop in the early Christian church. The very first paintings of him show Nicholas wearing the ceremonial robes of a Christian bishop – red trimmed with white. When we see “Santa’s suit” today, we’re seeing those same colors.


  圣诞礼物是怎么装进袜子里的?


  尼古拉斯还是个大好人,经常给穷人发放礼物。据说在四世纪的某一天,尼古拉斯在晚上来到三个穷苦女孩的房前,由于没有嫁妆,她们无法和自己的未婚夫结婚。当女孩们睡觉时,尼古拉斯把金币放进正在烘烤的袜子里?吹矫,这就是圣诞礼物放在袜子中的源头~


  Nicholas became famous for gift-giving, usually to the poor. In the early fourth century a legend began to spread about Nicholas coming at night to the home of three poor girls who did not have dowries and therefore could not marry their fiancés. While the girls slept, Nicholas left gold coins in their stockings, which were drying by the fire. That’s how our tradition of Santa filling stockings got its start.





  圣诞老人的助手


  不过,到这里,机智的你已经发现了,传说中为圣诞老人拉车的神兽去哪儿了?事实上,驯鹿的出现,已经是另外的故事了。1809年,美国作家华盛顿•欧文写了一本书,名叫《迪德里奇•尼克巴克》(Diedrich Knickerbocker),他在书中写道,圣尼古拉斯飞快地赶着马车跃过树梢给孩子们送礼物。到了1822年,克莱门特•穆尔在名诗《圣尼古拉斯的来访》(A Visit from St. Nicholas)中,将圣诞老人的驯鹿和节日联系了起来,这首诗现在也被称为《圣诞节前夜》('Twas the Night Before Christmas)。


  说起圣诞老人的驯鹿,大家最熟悉的要数领头的那只红鼻子鲁道夫Rudolph吧~ 那你知道其他几只驯鹿的名字吗?他们是Dasher,Dancer,Prancer,Vixen,Donder,Blitzen,Cupid, Comet。


  美国内战期间,艺术家托马斯•纳斯特开始创作圣诞老人的漫画,希望为战争阴云下的人们带来一丝宽慰。他勾画出了这样一幅画面——生活在北极的圣诞老人,身边围绕着一群调皮的小精灵助手。


  During the Civil War, a magazine artist named Thomas Nast began drawing cartoons of Santa as a diversion for readers from the horrors of war. He sketched Santa as living at the North Pole, and having a lot of elves as his assistants.


  圣诞老人镇


  这里不是圣诞老人的故乡,但是却同样因圣诞老人而知名。在美国的印第安纳州,还有一个名为“圣诞老人镇”的地方,孩子们每年都会写信寄到这里。自1914年以来,这个小镇开始招聘当地的志愿者在圣诞节前整理和回复信件,这些人有个称号,叫“圣诞老人的精灵”。从早上8点到晚上8点,“圣诞老人的精灵”一直忙于启封信件并撰写回复,通;挂嗥盖10个帮手才干得完。


  An American town named Santa Claus is being inundated with letters from excited children in the hope they will reach Father Christmas. Every year youngsters write adorable notes addressed to Santa Claus. Since 1914, the town recruits local volunteers, known as Santa's elves, to sort through the mail in time for Christmas.


圣诞节相关词汇(听说学霸和圣诞更配~)


  Rudolph(鲁道夫)


  在圣诞节期间,许许多多的动物向我们传送着季节的问候;蛐,其中最的当属红鼻子驯鹿Rudolph(鲁道夫,圣诞老人雪橇的领头驯鹿),仅其词源上的名气就可能让它名声大噪。Rudolph来源于古高地德语名字 Hrodulf,意思是"有名气的狼"。这个名字是一个加入了hruod(意思是“有名气”)的合成词,其德语本义具有狼的含义。





  Reindeer(驯鹿)


  既然说到鲁道夫,那让我们来看看reindeer中的rein是什么意思吧。如同Rudolph一样,reindeer也是一个合成词,但是reindeer是一个来自于斯堪的纳维亚语的借入词。reindeer中的rein指的是动物本身,但其起源不是很确定;据说很可能来自于一个印欧语系的词根,用来指生物壮观的鹿角: *ker-, 意思是“角 ” 是同类词汇的起源词根 (星号表示词根是重构的)。第二部分实际上与deer相关,其本意是某种四腿动物。


  Manger(马槽)


  既然deer(一种四足动物)指的不是其现代释义,那么,在耶稣诞生场景中描述的四足动物就可能是牛、羊和马了,还存在一个比较合理的解释:词汇manger在14世纪中期释义得以证实,用来指动物从中吃东西的地方,Manger来自于法语mangeure(意思是“石槽”“马槽”,manger意思是“吃”),其最终来源是拉丁语词汇mandere,意思是“咀嚼”。 Manger这个动词的出现在mange与mandible之后。


  Nativity(耶稣的诞生)


  nativity究竟指什么呢?根据《牛津英语大辞典》(OED),nativity这个词汇长久以来用来表示耶稣诞生的节日。nativity这个词是一个拉丁语词汇(来自一个表示“出生”的动词,经由法语,与native, nascent, naive, Noël相关。但如果深究其家族树,会得到其印欧语系词根*gen-,由此衍生了大量表示从温和、善良与弱小相关的事物的词汇。


  Ginger/pead(姜饼)


  如果说秋天是南瓜飘香的季节,那么圣诞节则少不了Ginger/pead(姜饼),它是我们喝拿铁咖啡、吃小甜饼的配搭小点心。Ginger/pead其实与/pead无关:这个词之所以加入了/pead,是因为其拉丁语词源存在最后一点小小的混乱,gingi/patum来自于gingiber (ginger)。而常见的姜饼形象就是姜饼人(ginger/pead man)了。


  Rudolph可能早已被传播使用开来,而gingiber可以远远追溯到在此之前的希腊语与到希腊和梵文古吉拉特语。一些人认为其梵语的意思是“角状体”,因为其外观像鹿角。更可能的是,《牛津英语大辞典》提出,梵语来自马拉雅拉姆语(西南印度洋)词汇inchi-ver,其中inchi意思是“根部”。


  Eggnog(蛋奶酒)


  或许,你会就着eggnog吃下你的ginger/pead。Eggnog是另一个由egg与nog构成的合成词!杜=蛴⒂锎蟠堑洹纷⑹托吹,Nog是一种“气味强烈的英国烈性啤酒”,其也许可以媲美苏格兰热啤酒,“用一根热的播火棒加热啤酒!钡车牡澳叹迫词且园桌嫉刈龅,加入鲜奶、蛋黄及糖水等,摇匀至起泡而成,故酒味浓郁而香甜。


  Mull(热红酒或啤酒)


  既然与圣诞节相关的词汇都几乎是复合词,那么,圣诞节饮料也非常复合,如将鸡蛋加入mulled wine/beer中。Mull在词典中定义为“加了糖和香料的热红酒或啤酒”!杜=蛴⒂锎蟠堑洹吩俅我煳颐撬妓髁薽ull的起源。它可能与日耳曼语mill相关,用来指一种磨成粉的香料,mull的另一个意思用来表示“使软化”,mill通;嵊美幢硎菊庵忠馑。它可能与各种饮料有关,例如拉丁语mulse,是一种掺假蜂蜜的饮料,或是mol,一种荷兰啤酒。


  Merry(愉快的)


  说完Mull这种饮料相关的种种后,你可能会觉得很愉快了。merry是一个古老词汇,出现在古英语中,两个音节发音,其最初意思用来表示“引发愉悦”。不管merry起源有多久远,其最终起源于印欧语系词根,意思是“短的”。这一词根还衍生出了英语mirth and /pief,表示短暂的快乐的意思,即由消遣得到的快乐,这种快乐使得时间飞逝而参与者得到了愉快与欢乐。


  Carol(唱耶诞颂歌)


  圣诞节的一种娱乐方式就是Carol(唱耶诞颂歌),是14世纪的一种伴有铃声的舞蹈,在16世纪词义出现了范围缩小,也就是现在的意思——节日颂歌。carol可能起源于希腊语khoraules,意思是伴随合唱的“长笛演奏者”。事实上,希腊语khoraules是khoros(合唱)和autos(牧笛)的合成词。


  圣诞颂歌本身具有一些表征其季节性的特殊词汇。To hark (the herald angels) 意思是“聆听!盩o deck (the halls) 意思是 “覆盖”,To troll (the ancient yuletide carol)是指围成一圈愉快地歌唱,可能与“roll”相关。


  Tinsel(金银丝制品)


  有其他来源表明carol来自于拉丁语corolla,是一种“花冠”也是一种“花环”。从词源学起源来说,花环与花冠都是由因欧语系中表示“扭曲”“打结”的词根“编织”而成的,意思是其构造就像是tinsel中的金丝银丝的编制一样。Tinsel很可能起源于法语词汇estincelle,意思是“火花”,而stencil起源于拉丁语scintilla,意思也是“火花”,此后衍生出了scintillating。


  Yule(圣诞季节)


  《牛津英语大辞典》对yule的所有应用方式都可以追溯至古英语,意思是十二月与一月。正如yule一样,chiristmas的起源也很复杂。它可能起源于古挪威语jól,意思是“一场持续十二天的异教徒盛宴!焙芏嗳巳衔獃ule是jolly的起源,而有一些人认为jolly起源于joy。


  …a partridge in a pear tree(梨树上有一只鹧鸪)。


  圣诞节是一个愉快的季节,Partridge来自于希腊语pérdesthai,意思是“排气、放屁”(对,就是与fart相关),所以也用来指“使得小鸟飞走的噪音”;蛐,在圣诞季,我们都应当放声歌唱,“你能听到我所听到的吗?”





圣诞节经典的歌曲


  1.Santa Claus Is Coming To Town


  You better watch out ,You better not cry


  You better not pout / I'm telling you why


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  He's making a list, Checking it twice;


  Gonna find out who's naughty or nice.


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  He sees you when you're sleeping


  He knows when you're awake


  He knows if you've been bad or good


  So be good for goodness sake


  With little tin horns and little toy drums


  Rooty toot toots and rummy tum tums


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  He sees you when you're sleeping


  He knows when you're awake


  He knows if you've been bad or good


  So be good for goodness sake


  Goodness sake


  You better watch out ,You better not cry


  You better not pout ,I'm telling you why


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  Santa Claus is coming


  Santa Claus is coming


  Santa Claus is coming to town


  2.Jingle bells


  jingle bells,jingle bells,


  jingle all the way,


  oh what fun it is to ride ,


  in a one-horse open sleigh


  jingle bells,jingle bells,


  jingle all the way


  oh what fun it is to ride ,


  in a one horse open sleigh


  dashing through the snow


  on a one-horse open sleigh,


  over the fields we go,


  laughing all the way;


  bellson bob-tail ring,


  making spirits /pight,


  what fun it is to ride and sing


  a sleighing song tonight.


  jingle bells,jingle bells,


  jingle all the way


  oh what fun it is to ride,


  in a one-horse open sleigh





  3.We wish you a merry christmas


  we wish you a merry christmas;


  we wish you a merry christmas;


  we wish you a merry christmas


  and a happy new year.


  we wish you a merry christmas;


  we wish you a merry christmas;


  we wish you a merry christmas


  and a happy new year.


  good tidings we /ping to you and your kin;


  we wish you a merry christmas


  and a happy new year.


  oh, /ping us a figgy pudding;


  oh, /ping us a figgy pudding;


  oh, /ping us a figgy pudding


  and /ping it fight here


  oh, /ping us a figgy pudding;


  oh, /ping us a figgy pudding;


  oh, /ping us a figgy pudding


  and /ping it fight here


  good tidings we /ping to you


  and your kin;


  we wish you a merry christmas


  and a happy new year.


  we won't go until we get some;


  we won't go until we get some;


  we won't go until we get some,


  so /ping some out here


  we wish you a merry christmas;


  we wish you a merry christmas;


  we wish you a merry christmas


  and a happy new year.


  4.Frosty the Snowman


  Frosty The Snowman,


  Frosty the Snowman


  Was a jolly happy soul


  With a corncob pipe


  and a button nose


  And two eyes made out of coal


  Frosty the Snowman,


  Is a fairytale they say


  was made He of snow,


  But the children know


  How he came to life one day


  There must have been some magic


  In that old silk hat they found


  For when they placed it on his head


  He began to dance around


  Frosty the Snowman,


  Was alive as he could be


  And the children say,


  He could laugh and play


  Just the same as you and me


  Frosty the Snowman,


  Knew the sun was hot that day


  So he said let's run,


  And we'll have some fun


  Now before I melt away,


  Down to the village


  With a /poomstick in his hand


  Running here and there


  all around the square


  Saying catch me if you can


  He led them down the streets of town


  Right to the traffic cop


  And he only paused a moment when


  He heard him holler stop


  Frosty the Snowman,


  Had to hurry on his way


  But he waved goodbye,


  Saying don't you cry


  I'll be back again some day


  Thumpety thump thump,


  Thumpety thump thump


  Look at Frosty go


  Thumpety thump thump,


  Thumpety thump thump


  Over the hills of snow


  5.JingleBell Rock


  Jingle bell, Jingle bell,Jingle bell rock


  Jingle bells swing and jingle bells ring


  Snowin and plowin up bushels of fun


  Now the jingle hop has begun


  Jingle bell, Jingle bell, Jingle bell rock


  Jingle bells chime and jingle bell time


  Dancin and prancin in Jingle Bell Square


  In the frosty air


  What a /pight time, its the right time


  To rock the night away


  Jingle bell time, It's a swell time


  To go ridin in a one horse sleigh


  Giddy up jingle horse


  Pick up your feet


  Jingle around the clock


  Mix and mingle to the jingle bell beat


  Thats the jingle bell rock


  What a /pight time, its the right time


  To rock the night away


  Jingle bell time, It's a swell time


  To go ridin in a one horse sleigh


  Giddy up jingle horse


  Pick up your feet


  Jingle around the clock


  Mix and mingle to the jingle bell beat


  Thats the jingle bell


  Thats the jingle bell


  Thats the jingle bell rock


【圣诞节必备】圣诞老人的来历及圣诞节相关英语介绍.doc
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