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2019年1月19日雅思机经真题回忆

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  【听力】

  Section 1

  新题/旧题:旧题

  场景:保险

  主题:一位女士的冰箱坏了要求保修

  题型及数量:10填空题

  考试题目+答案:

  1. model: top mount

  2. fridge color: sliver

  3. date of purchase: 12 January

  4. the address for nearest service: near the station and shopping centre

  5. main problem is the noise of alarm

  6. 她说冰箱坏了,freezer temperature is: 10 degree

  7. 问对方开什么shop: sandwich

  8. 补偿食物food 经济损失: $ 180

  9. ask the manager to call back to handle

  10. another problem is the door

  考点:基本功检测,数字可能会出现连读

  可参考真题:C9T3S3;C12T7S1

  Section 2

  新题/旧题:旧题

  场景:住宿

  主题:寄宿家庭项目介绍

  题型及数量:4单选+6匹配

  考试题目+答案:

  11-14)Multiple Choice

  11. The host family will

  A. earn a big money

  B. receive no pay

  C. receive stable pay

  12. What is the guest expected to overcome when suffering from culture shock?

  A. loneliness

  B. difficulty to make friends

  C. language barriers

  13. What can the guests do if they want to become familiar with host families?

  A. talk about personal interests

  B. clean their rooms

  C. cook together

  14. What is likely to happen to the guests in the long run?

  A. they will enhance cultural understanding

  B. they will gain overseas experience

  C. they will know more people from different countries

  15-20)Matching

  There are some steps, flow chart of how to apply as a guest.

  15. keep in touch with the registration office for vetting.

  16-17) two photos, one for host family, the other one for records which need to confirm your identity.

  18. receive acknowledgement within 7 days.

  19. you must have an interview with all staff members.

  20. finally, you will receive a written decision.

  考点:单选题同义替换和流程匹配的答题方法

  可参考真题:C12T6S3

  Section 3

  新题/旧题:新题

  场景:教育

  主题:花粉课题研究:花粉现象与季节的关系

  题型及数量:5单选+5匹配

  考试题目+答案:

  21-25)Multiple choice

  21. allergies linked to vitamin D deficiency because

  C. the evidence only supports what happens in Britain

  22. rising CO2 levels are responsible for

  C. higher amount of pollen

  23. what does the student say about seasonal changes?

  A. there is no clear short-term trend for the arrival of spring

  24. what point is made about the seasonal changed?

  A. it is spreading to more countries

  25. why is tree pollen a worse problem in cities?

  B. there is fewer trees to absorb the pollen

  26-30)Matching

  26. Austria—information only available for birch pollen

  27. France—changes identified to two pollen types only

  28. Switzerland—significant change in start date of birch pollen

  29. The Netherlands—little difference in start dates

  30. UK—a longer season for grass pollen

  考点:同意替换

  可参考真题:C8T2S3

  Section 4

  新题/旧题:旧题

  场景:健康

  主题:肥胖饮食的调查

  题型及数量:10填空题

  考试题目+答案:

  Survey:

  31. which group take in the most fat: the age group of fat is the teenagers

  32. family members live together would get similar level of fat in their diet

  33. do research concerning: investigated by different race and income, whether born overseas to investigate

  34. Surveys have been conducted in mobile XX. As similar methods/background

  35. adults live with children drink milk more

  Results:

  36. reason: parents have little time

  Limitation of this research:

  37. number of children

  38. the research didn’t consider the minority and relationship between children and adults

  39. influences decrease with the age of children

  40. influence by friends

  考点:同意替换,结构转换。

  可参考真题:C7T2S4;C9T1S2;C9T4S1

  【口语】

  Describe an important plant in your country

  You should say:

  What it is

  Where you see it

  What it looks like

  Why it is important

  思路分析

  看到题目我们首先进行思维发散,把能想起来的喊出来名字的植物全部列举出来,很多同学的思维受限是因为看到题面上的important被吓到,认为只有竹子一类的才能在中国被称得上重要,但是我们如果仔细想想,其实很多植物都符合要求的,比如康乃馨-中国人注重孝道,康乃馨是对妈妈表达爱意的花;比如牡丹花,在中国洛阳是都城的时候,牡丹一直是中国的国花;再比如含羞草,在注重内敛的中国文化中,含羞草经常被比喻成娇羞的女孩子,实在不行了就说玫瑰花,中国的年轻人到了情人节也会用它来表示爱意。重要不代表需要是在中国独一无二的。

  确定了选题之后我们就可以看题目具体的要求了,第一个要求介绍,大家第一句点明要讲的内容然后把所有的你所了解这植物的相关信息都可以答出来作为延伸信息,或者对植物进行介绍,比如颜色啦,有没有香气之类。

  第二点描述你如何知道,这个一般有几种情况,小时候在书上看到的,小学学过的,电视上看到的,公园里见到爸爸跟你说的等等注意需要把整个经历完整摊开来讲,越详细越好,考官不喜欢听笼统的答案,另外细节多了听起来也比较真实,注意描述经历时的时态。

  第三点介绍为何重要,这个时候只要讲中国人在什么场合会用到这种植物,或者这种植物和中国文化之间的关系就可以啦。

  第四点介绍个人感受+原因即可。

  参考答案:

  Well, when it comes to this topic, the first kind of plant that popped into my mindis the sunflower, they are pretty common so you probably have seen them somewhere. Also, Vincent van Gogh, the famous artist from Holland has a painting of them, which is the magnum opus of his. In his painting, you can feel the energy and passion that sunflowers bring to the people and this beautiful world.

  I saw sunflowers for the first time when I was little, maybe like 5 years old in my grandpa’s small garden, he is a big fan of gardening and has all kinds of flowers in his garden, but sunflowers caught my attention because of their size and bright colour. I remember at the end of the day when my parents and I were leaving, I cried so badly because I wanted to take the flowers back home with me.

  Sunflowers are very important in China because firstly, Chinese people like their spirit of always looking up to the sun, in our culture, we think they are like people with dream, passion and belief, and we think highly of those people. Secondly, Chinese love to eat sunflower seeds while watching TV, it’s basically like you guys eat pizza while watching game of thrones.

  Sunflowers are my favourite plants, I hope that in the future, I can have my own small garden so that I can keep some by myself, it would be very beautiful I bet.

  【阅读】

  Passage 1

  文章题材:说明文(生产制造)

  文章题目:Topography Introduction of printed books(印刷书籍的发展史)

  文章难度:★★

  文章内容:文章介绍了印刷术的发展,从最初的手抄到书籍的形成。

  题型及数量:9填空题+4判断题

  题目及答案:

  1.FALSE

  2.TRUE

  3.NOT GIVEN

  4.FALSE

  5.fonts

  6.sheet of paper

  7.proof

  8.types

  9.in right sequence

  10.newpapers

  11.binding

  12.simulating

  13.book industry

  可参考真题:C12T8P1:The history of glass

  Passage 2

  文章题材:说明文(自然科普)

  文章题目:

  Section 3

  澳大利亚原住民和部落

  文章难度:★★

  文章内容:待补充

  题型及数量:待补充

  题目及答案:待补充

  可参考真题:C6T1P3:Climate change and the Inuit

  Passage 3

  文章题材:说明文(人文实验)

  文章题目:员工驱动力

  文章难度:★★★

  文章内容:文章分别详细介绍了四种员工驱动力(the drive to acquire, the drive to bond, the drive to comprehend, the drive to defend),以及这四种驱动力对员工在工作中不同方面的影响。

  题型及数量:5选择题+3配对题+6判断题

  题目及答案:

  27. C

  28. A

  29. D

  30. B

  31. C

  32. A

  33. E

  34. F

  35. NO

  36. NOT GIVEN

  37. NO

  38. YES

  39. NO

  40. NOT GIVEN

  可参考真题:C6T3P2:Motivating Employees under Adverse Conditions

  考试原文:

  Motivating Drives

  Scientists have been researching the way to get employees motivated for many years. This research in a relational study which builds the fundamental and comprehensive model for study. This is especially true when the business goal is to turn unmotivated teams into productive ones. But their researchers have limitations. It is like studying the movements of car without taking out the engine.

  Motivation is what drives people to succeed and plays a vital role in enhancing an organizational development. It is important to study the motivation of employees because it is related to the emotion and behavior of employees. Recent studies show there are four drives for motivation. They are the drive to acquire, the drive to bond, the drive to comprehend and the drive to defend.

  The Drive to Acquire

  The drive to acquire must be met to optimize the acquire aspect as well as the achievement element. Thus the way that outstanding performance is recognized, the type of perks that is provided to polish the career path. But sometimes a written letter of appreciation generates more motivation than a thousand dollar check, which can serve as the invisible power to boost business engagement. Successful organizations and leaders not only need to focus on the optimization of physical reward but also on moving other levers within the organization that can drive motivation.

  The Drive to Bond

  The drive to bond is also key to driving motivation. There are many kinds of bonds between people, like friendship, family. In company, employees also want to be an essential part of company. They want to belong to the company. Employees will be motivated if they find personal belonging to the company. In the meantime, the most commitment will be achieved by the employee on condition that the force of motivation within the employee affects the direction, intensity and persistence of decision and behavior in company.

  The Drive to Comprehend

  The drive to comprehend motivates many employees to higher performance. For years, it has been known that setting stretch goals can greatly impact performance. Organizations need to ensure that the various job roles provide employees with simulation that challenges them or allow them to grow. Employees don’t want to do meaningless things or monotonous job. If the job didn’t provide them with personal meaning and fulfillment, they will leave the company.

  The Drive to Defend

  The drive to defend is often the hardest lever to pull. This drive manifests itself as a quest to create and promote justice, fairness, and the ability to express ourselves freely. The organizational lever for this basic human motivator is resource allocation. This drive is also met through an employee feeling connection to a company. If their companies are merged with another, they will show worries.

  Two studies have been done to find the relations between the four drives and motivation.The article based on two studies was finally published in Harvard Business Review. Most authors’ arguments have laid emphasis on four-drive theory and actual investigations. Using the results of the surveys which executed with employees from Fortune 500 companies and other two global businesses (P company and H company), the article mentions about how independent drives influence employees’ behavior and how organizational levers boost employee motivation.

  The studies show that the drive to bond is most related to fulfilling commitment, while the drive to comprehend is most related to how much effort employees spend on works. The drive to acquire can be satisfied by a rewarding system which ties rewards to performances, and gives the best people opportunities for advancement. For drive to defend, a study on the merging of P company and H company shows that employees in former company show an unusual cooperating attitude.

  The key to successfully motivate employees is to meet all drives. Each of these drives is important if we are to understand employee motivation. These four drives, while not necessarily the only human drives, are the ones that are central to unified understanding of modern human life.

  【写作】

  TASK 1

1.jpg

  题目:The maps show the proposed change of a particular fields in order to reduce the traffic accidents in the UK.

  类型:地图题/历史变迁

  考点/写作要点:

  1. 时态:描述图一使用一般现在时,描述图二选择将来时(future plan);

  2. 注意分段:introduction, (frequent accidents), 描述图一,描述图二,

  3. 在描述图一时要注意方位词的使用,以及方位顺序,可以按照由北到南,由东到西的顺序;

  4. 对于每一个细节都要照顾到,不能忽略几条道路的描述,residence以及常发生意外的地点;

  5. 描述图二时,要注意Low Lane不再和Forrest Road相交;

  6. 描述两条道路相交可以使用的词为intersect / conjunct with.

  注意使用there be句型。

  范文:

  The two maps illustrate what construction will be carried out in an England residential area for the purpose of reducing possibility of traffic accidents.

  As shown in the first map, the frequent accidents usually take place in three spots: the first one is on the west of the City Road, just in front of the school. The second one is at the spot where Forrest Road intersects with the City Road. And the third one is at a small pathway, in conjunction with the east side of City Road.

  At present, from the north to the south is the main road Forrest Road, it is in conjunction with the City Road which extends from the west to the east. The west side of the City Road leads to the school, and it is located in the north-west of the residential area. The Low Lane directs to the living district, which sits in the west to the Forrest Road. The lane is in conjunction with both the City Road and the Forrest road. The supermarket is situated to the east of the Forrest Road, residents can get groceries there by driving along the City Road.

  In the future, it is noticeable that a roundabout will be built in the centre of the Forrest Road, which might reduce the speed of the vehicles. Another noticeable change is that the south side of the Low Lane will no longer be connected to the Forrest Road. For those residents living in this district wishing to go to the main road, the only way will be driving back to the City Road and passing the roundabout.

  (271 words)

  TASK 2

  More and more people are reading news online, but newspapers are still the main source of news for most people. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  机经版本:

  题目类型:同意与否

  话题:科技媒体类

  TA/TR(key words):

  思路/提纲:

现代媒体

报纸

自由、免费

真实的手拿到信息的感觉

多元信息竞争

适合老年人及其他特殊人群

  范文:

  The newspaper is an important source of people’s daily news consumption, even though other media may get the upper hand nowadays such as the multimedia. It is predicted that the printing days are over due to strong competition from television, radio and the Internet. In terms of popularity, newspaper is statistically down but is not emotionally out.

  Statistically, it can be said that the print news fans are dwindling, which means newspaper readership is getting squeezed by other ways of learning about news. According to research reports on the news industry, local television is the number one source of news for the majority of people, with digital news coming in second, followed by the radio, and then by the newspaper. One possible explanation why the newspaper is being left far behind is that many people do not see the point in buying a print newspaper if they believe they can get all the news they need elsewhere for free.

  Nevertheless, for emotional reasons print newspapers will continue to exist for a good while. To begin with, the feeling of a warm newspaper right off the press is one of traditional readers’ favorite moments to begin a regular day. Unlike other ways of delivering news, a print newspaper can be physically held in a reader’s hands, and this is a huge pro for print editions. In addition, newspapers can provide opportunities for longer, more in-depth feature articles that tend to be read in full. Instead of becoming a thing of the past, print newspapers are still widely read and preferred by many audiences.

  In conclusion, the golden days of print news are gone forever, but nothing is like the feeling of physically holding a newspaper in hands. After all, the different ways of learning about news are not mutually exclusive. Each news media outlet is effective in its own way.

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