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中国成语睡前英语小故事

2019-3-1 17:19:00   无忧考网     [ 手机版 ] [ 文档预览 ] [ 文档下载 ]
少儿英语网权威发布《中国成语睡前英语小故事》(全文共4237字),更多中国成语睡前英语小故事相关文档资源请访问无忧考网少儿英语频道。

导语】成语是中国传统文化的一大特色,有固定的结构形式和固定的说法,表示一定的意义,在语句中是作为一个整体来应用的,本篇文章是无忧考网为您整理的《中国成语睡前英语小故事》,供大家阅读。



【篇一:四面楚歌】


At the end of the Qin Dynasty(221-206 B.C.) the State of Chu and the State of Han fought for control for the country. Xiang Yu, the king of Chu, was besieged(包围) at a place called Gaixia by the Han army led by Liu Bang. Xiang Yu was in a desperate situation, with little food and only a few soliders. At night, the surrounding Han troops started to sing Chu folk songs. Xiang Yu was very surprised at this, and said:"Has Liu Bang occupied the whole of Chu? How can he have drafted so many Chu people into his army?" Then he fled together with the remainder of his forces.

This idiom is used metaphorically to mean to be in a helpless and critical situation, surrounded by the enemy on all sides.

项羽和刘邦原来约定以鸿沟(在今河南荣县境贾鲁河)东西边作为界限,互不侵犯。后来刘邦听从张良和陈平的规劝,觉得应该趁项羽衰弱的时候消灭他,就又和韩信、彭越、刘贾会合兵力追击正在向东开往彭城(即今江苏徐州)的项羽部队。终于布置了几层兵力,把项羽紧紧围在垓下(在今安徽灵璧县东南)。这时,项羽手下的兵士已经很少,粮食又没有了。夜里听见四面围住他的军队都唱起楚地的民歌,不禁非常吃惊地说:“刘邦已经得到了楚地了吗?为什么他的部队里面楚人这么多呢?”说看,心里已丧失了斗志,便从床上爬起来,在营帐里面喝酒,并和他最宠爱的妃子虞姬一同唱歌。唱完,直掉眼泪,在一旁的人也非常难过,都觉得抬不起头来。虞姬自刎于项羽的马前,项羽英雄末路,带了仅剩兵卒至乌江,最终自刎于江边。

以后人们就用“四面楚歌”这个词,形容人们遭受各方面攻击或逼迫,而陷于孤立窘迫的境地。凡是陷于此种境地者,其命运往往是很悲惨的。例如某人因经常与坏人为伍,不事生产,游手好闲,但后来却被那些坏人逼迫得无以为生,而求助于别人时,别人又因他平日行为太坏,绝不同情理睬,这人所处的境地便是“四面楚歌”。

【篇二:玩火自焚 】


During the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC), prince Zhou Xu of the State of Wei killed his brother and became the new emperor. Zhou Xu was a tyrant. He oppressed his people and indulged in wars of agGREssion. By launching wars, he tried to divert the people's attention and reduce their discontent with him in order to consolidate his dictatorship.

The Duke of the State of Lu leant about Zhou Xu's usurpation of state power and his ambitious plan, he asked a senior official, "What do you think about Zhou Xu's move? "The official answered, "He indulges in wars , bringing his people much disaster. He won't get their support. And he's capricious, so few of his close friends follow him. He can never achieve his success. In addition, war is like fire. If one launches wars endlessly without restraint, he'll eventually burn himself. "

Sure enough, the people of Wei with the help of the State of Chen overthrew Zhou Xu and killed him in less than a year.

Later, people use it to mean that those who do evil will finally ruin themselves.

春秋时期,卫国的王子州吁杀死了他的哥哥卫桓公,成为了卫国的国君。州吁是个暴君,他压迫百姓,到处侵略别的国家。他想利用战争来分散百姓的注意力,减少人们对他的不满,巩固他的专政。

鲁国的君王知道州吁篡夺了王位,还想吞并其他国家,就问他手下的一名官员:"你认为州吁的目的能达到吗?"那位官员说道:"州吁到处打仗,给人民来了灾难。人民不会支持他。他这个人又反复无常,身边没有什么亲信。他不可能实现自己的野心。而且,战争就象火。无休止地打仗,最后,火会烧到自己身上。 "

果然,不到一年,卫国人民就在陈国的帮助下*了州吁的统治,并处死了他。

后来,人们用这个成语来比喻干害人的勾当,最后受害的还是自己。

【篇三:邯郸学步 】


Imitating Another without Success and Losing What Used to Be One'sOwn Ability

Tradition has it that more than 2,oooyears ago,there lived a young man in the Shouling area of the State of Yan.As his name is not known ,we just call him Shouling young man for convenience's sake.

self confident He was at a loss as to how to behave all the time.

His family members advised him to overcome this shortcoming,but he thought they were fond of poking their noses into his business and were unwilling to provide him with tuition fee.His relatives and neighbours sneered at him,saying that he would never be able to learn anything.Asthe days went by,he even began to doubt whether he should walk the way he did,for he felt more and more that his walking gestures were too clumsy and awkward.

One day,he met some people on the road who werechattingand laughing.One of themsaid that people in Handan walked most gracefully.And thatwas just what he was most concerned about,so he hurreed towards themand wanted to make further inquiries.To his surprise,when these people saw him,they stalked off laughing.

He could not picture to himself in what way their walking gestures were graceful,no matter how hard he racked his parents one day.He went to Handanwhich was far away to learn how to walk.

As soon as he arrived in Handan,he was dazzled to find that everything was novel.He learned from the children there how to walk,because he thought that the children's walking gestures were lively and pleasing to the eye.He learnd from the old people there how to walk,because he thought the old people's walking gestures were steady .He learnd from the women there how to walk,because he thought the women' swaying walking gestures were beautiful.That being the case with him ,in less than half a month he even forgot how to walk.As he had already used up his traveling expenses,he had to crawl back home.

Thisstory come from the article"Autumn Water"in The Works of Xhuang Zi(Zhuang Zi was a famous ancient Chinese philosopher of about 300B.c.).Later the set phrase"initating another without success and losing what used to be one's own ability"is used to refer to acts of copying others mechanisally in disregard of specififc conditions.

相传在两千年前,燕国寿陵地方有一位少年,不知道姓啥叫啥,就叫他寿陵少年吧!

这位寿陵少年不愁吃不愁穿,论长相也算得上中等人材,可他就是缺乏自信心,经常无缘无故地感到事事不如人,低人一等——衣服是人家的好,饭菜是人家的香,站相坐相也是人家高雅。他见什么学什么,学一样丢一样,虽然花样翻新,却始终不能做好一件事,不知道自己该是什么模样。

家里的人劝他改一改这个毛病,他以为是家里人管得太多。亲戚、邻居们,说他是狗熊掰棒子,他也根本听不进去。日久天长,他竟怀疑自己该不该这样走路,越看越觉得自己走路的姿势太笨,太丑了。

有一天,他在路上碰到几个人说说笑笑,只听得有人说邯郸人走路姿势那叫美。他一听,对上了心病,急忙走上前去,想打听个明白。不料想,那几个人看见他,一阵大笑之后扬长而去。

邯郸人走路的姿势究竟怎样美呢?他怎么也想象不出来。这成了他的心病。终于有一天,他瞒着家人,跑到遥远的邯郸学走路去了。

一到邯郸,他感到处处新鲜,简直令人眼花缭乱?吹叫『⒆呗,他觉得活泼、美,学;看见老人走路,他觉得稳重,学;看到妇女走路,摇摆多姿,学。就这样,不过半月光景,他连走路也不会了,路费也花光了,只好爬着回去了。

【篇四:南辕北辙 】


Once a man wanted to go to the south, but his carriage was heading north. A passer-by asked him:"If you are going to south, why is your chariot heading north?" The ma answered, "My horse is good at running, My driver is highly skilled at driving a carriage, ad I have enough money."The man didint consider that the direction might be wrong; the better his conditions were, ther further he was away from his destination.

The idiom derived froim this story indicates that one's action was the opposite effect to one's intention.

从前有个人要到南方去,他坐的车子却向北方行驶。过路人说:“你去南方,车子怎么向北行驶呢?”他回答说:“我的马很能跑路,我的车夫驾车的技术也很高明,加上我又带了充足的路费!闭飧鋈嗣挥锌悸堑,方向弄反了,他的条件越好,离他要取得地方就越远。

后来人们就把这个故事概括为“南辕北辙”。比喻一个人的行动和他的目的正好相反。

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