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雅思写作十种表示行文逻辑的基本句型解析

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  可根据自己的情况选择其中的1-2个,做到能够熟练正确地仿写或套用。不过盲目的套用句式是不可取的,必须首先做到对这些句式的理解和熟悉,经过大量的练习,才能轻松 自如地应用在自己的作文中。

  雅思写作高分表达一、表示原因

  1、There are three reasons for this.

  有三个原因。

  2、The reasons for this are as follows.

  造成这一现象的原因如下。

  3、The reason for this is obvious.

  原因很明显。

  4、The reason for this is not far to seek.

  究其原因并不难。

  5、The reason for this is that.

  这样做的原因是。

  6、We have good reason to believe that.

  我们有充分的理由相信这一点。

  例如:

  There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life. Firstly, people’s living standard has been greatly improved. Secondly, most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like. Last but not least, more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.

  发生在我们生活中的变化有三个原因。首先,人们的生活水平有了很大的提高。其次,大多数人收入不错,他们可以负担得起他们需要或喜欢的东西。最后但并非最不重要,越来越多的人喜欢享受现代生活。

  注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。

  如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this. 这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。

  雅思写作高分表达二、 表示好处

  1、It has the following advantages.

  它有以下优点。

  2、It does us a lot of good.

  它对我们有很多好处。

  3、It benefits us quite a lot.

  它给我们带来了很多好处。

  4、It is beneficial to us.

  这对我们是有益的。

  5、It is of great benefit to us.

  这对我们很有好处。

  例如:

  Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better, and they can open our minds and widen our horizons. Therefore, reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

  雅思写作高分表达三、表示坏处

  1、It has more disadvantages than advantages.

  2、It does us much harm.

  3、It is harmful to us.

  例如:

  However, everything divides into two. Television can also be harmful to us. It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.

  书就像朋友。它们可以帮助我们更好地了解世界,它们可以开阔我们的思想和视野。因此,广泛阅读对我们有很大的好处。

  雅思写作高分表达四、表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

  1、It is important(necessary, difficult, convenient, possible、for sb. to do sth.

  对某人来说做某事是重要的(必要的,困难的,方便的,可能的)。

  2、We think it necessary to do sth.

  我们认为有必要做某事;

  3、It plays an important role in our life.

  它在我们的生活中扮演着重要的角色。

  例如:

  Computers are now being used everywhere, whether in the government, in schools or in business. Soon, computers will be found in every home, too. We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.

  计算机现在被广泛使用,无论是在政府,在学;故窃谏桃盗煊。不久,电脑也将出现在每个家庭。我们有充分的理由说计算机在我们的生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色,我们已经步入了计算机时代。

  雅思写作高分表达五、表示措施

  1、We should take some effective measures.

  我们应该采取一些有效的措施。

  2、We should try our best to overcome (conquer、 the difficulties.

  我们应该尽努力去克服困难。

  3、We should do our utmost in doing sth.

  我们应该尽努力做某事。

  4、We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced、with.

  我们应该解决我们所面临的问题。

  例如:

  The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious. Therefore, we must take some effective measures to solve it.

  我们面临的住房问题变得越来越严重。因此,我们必须采取一些有效的措施来解决它。

  雅思写作高分表达六、表示变化

  1、Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

  在过去的五年中发生了一些变化。

  2、A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.

  世界通信必将发生巨大的变化。

  3、The computer has brought about many changes in education.

  计算机给教育带来了许多变化。

  例如:

  Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years. The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek. Nowadays, more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein, and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.

  在过去的五年中,人们的饮食发生了一些变化。这些变化的主要原因不难找到。现在,越来越多的人从谷物转向肉类来获取蛋白质,从水果和蔬菜转向牛奶来获取维生素。

  雅思写作高分表达七、表示事实、现状

  1、We cannot ignore the fact that.

  我们不能忽视这个事实。

  2、No one can deny the fact that.

  没有人能否认这一事实。

  3、There is no denying the fact that.

  不可否认的事实是。

  4、This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in

  这是一个许多人都感兴趣的现象

  5、However, that’s not the case

  然而,事实并非如此

  例如:

  We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution. To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution. The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.

  雅思写作高分表达八、 表示比较

  1、Compared with A, B.

  2、I prefer to read rather than watch TV.

  3、There is a striking contrast between them.

  例如:

  Compared with cars, bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable. Firstly, they do not consume natural resources of petroleum. Secondly, they do not cause the pollution problem. Last but not least, they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.

  我们不能忽视这样一个事实:工业化带来了污染问题。为了解决这些问题,我们可以从教育公众污染的危害开始。政府也应该制定更严格的法律来促进更清洁的环境。

  雅思写作高分表达九、表示数量

  1、It has increased (decreased、 from...to.

  它已从……增加(减少)到……。

  2、The population in this city has now increased (decreased、 to 800,000.

  这个城市的人口现已增加(减少到80万)。

  3、The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.

  这个工厂七月份的产量比一月份增加了15%。

  例如:

  With the improvement of the living standard, the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.

  再如:

  From the graph listed above, it can be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.

  随着生活水平的提高,人们在食品上的收入比例下降,而在教育上的支出比例上升。

  雅思写作高分表达十、表示看法

  1、People have (take, adopt, assume、 different attitudes towards sth.

  人们对某事持有不同的态度。

  2、People have different opinions on this problem.

  人们对这个问题有不同的看法。

  3、People take different views of (on、 the question.

  人们对这个问题有不同的看法。

  4、Some people believe that...Others argue that.

  有些人认为……其他人认为。

  例如:

  People have different attitudes towards failure. Some believe that failure leads to success.

  Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor. However, others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers.

  人们对失败有不同的态度。有些人认为失败导致成功。

  他们经历的每一次失败都转化为他们重新努力时更大的成功机会。然而,另一些人很容易因失败而气馁,把自己归入失败者的行列。

  再如:

  Do “lucky numbers” really bring good luck? Different people have different views on it.

  注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。

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