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雅思听力技巧 :选择题的难点分析

2019-6-4 17:54:00   无忧考网     [ 手机版 ] [ 文档预览 ] [ 文档下载 ]
英语听力网权威发布《雅思听力技巧 :选择题的难点分析》(全文共2981字),更多雅思听力技巧相关文档资源请访问无忧考网英语听力频道。

【导语】雅思听力选择题是雅思听力考试当中最主要的一种题型,所以准备一些关于选择题的雅思听力答题方法是非常有必要的。下面是无忧考网分享的雅思听力技巧 :选择题的难点分析;队亩敛慰!

  重要性

  雅思考试中选择题并不是一个重点考题,但是选择题确实一个必做不可的题目。由于选择题并不需要填写单词,因此对于那些苦于单词拼写的同学,选择题就是他们的救命稻草了。

  难点及应对

  ·阅读速度

  由于雅思考试需要边听边做,因此在内容开始之前将试卷通读一遍是非常重要的,但是由于考试的时间是有限的(每一个section前只有30秒),如果当需要读的信息比较多的时候可能没有办法读完。

  如剑7 Test 2中的第31-35题

  Questions 31-35

  Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.

  Left and Right Handedness in Sport

  31 Anita first felt the Matthews article was of value when she realised

  A how it would help her difficulties with left-handedness.

  B the relevance of connections he made with music.

  C the impressive size of his research project.

  32 Anita feels that the findings on handedness will be of value in

  A helping sportspeople identify their weaknesses.

  B aiding sportspeople as they plan tactics for each game.

  C developing suitable training programmes for sportspeople.

  33 Anita feels that most sports coaches

  A know nothing about the influence of handedness.

  B focus on the wrong aspects of performance.

  C underestimate what science has to offer sport.

  34 A German study showed there was greater 'mixed handedness' in musicians who

  A started playing instruments in early youth.

  B play a string instrument such as the violin.

  C practise a great deal on their instrument.

  35 Studies on ape behaviour show that

  A apes which always use the same hand to get food are most successful.

  B apes have the same proportion of left- and right-handers as humans.

  C more apes are left-handed than right-handed.

  这边的5题一共有将近200个单词,在短短的30秒钟内全部看完确实有非常大的难度。这时朗阁海外考试研究中心就建议考生要采取“丢车保帅”的方式,也就是抓住中间的最重要的信息,而将其他的次要信息省略不看。对于单选题来说,题干极其重要,往往我们需要通过题干来定位到每一题,我们要记住,雅思考试中答案是按照顺序读出来的,也就是“顺序原则”,所以选择题的答案往往都在题干之后读出来。因此在审题的时候将所有的题干全部过一遍就非常重要了。这也就是我们可以找寻到的第一个方法——略。

  第31题的题干的意思是Anita开始觉得Matthews的文章非常重要,是当她意识到……的时候。下面我们来看看这边的文字答案。

  Tapescri pts:

  My topic is handedness - whether in different sports it is better to be left- or right-sided or whether a more balanced approach is more successful. I'm left-handed myself and I actually didn't see any relevance to my own life when I happened to start reading an article by a sports psychologist called Peter Matthews. He spent the first part of the article talking about handedness in music instead of sport, which I have to say almost put me off from reading further. But what I soon became struck by was the sheer volume of both observation and investigation he had done in many different sports and I felt persuaded that what he had to say would be of real interest. I think Matthews' findings will be beneficial, not so much in...

  这边作者先介绍了一下自己的情况,也就是"left-handed",这里和选项A比较相近,但是此时并没有读出题干来,因此我们完全可以排除 A这个答案(根据我们上面提到的顺序原则)。接下来,作者提到了"Peter Matthews"这个人,并且提到了music,也就是和B很相近,此时他的态度是"almost put me off",这个和题干中的"of value"矛盾,也就是这个也不是答案。此时我们已经可以很顺利的选到正确答案C了!砦蟮男畔⑷颗懦,剩下的就一定是正确的答案。

  当然此题可以通过同义词互换做出来,也就是这边标注了答案的地方:"sheer volume"和C选项中的"impressive size"是类似的意思。但是很多同学会发现,这个词比较难听懂。也就无法很快的找到答案了。

  ·干扰信息

  往往选择题给答案的时候,不会这么容易让我们听出错误的选项,也就是会将错误选项读的非常像正确的。导致许多同学在听力中出错误。

  下面我们看到上面题目中第35题的文字答案:

  Matthews also reports studies of handedness in apes. Apes get a large proportion of their food by 'fishing' ants from ant hills. The studies show that apes, like humans, show handedness - though for them right- and left-handedness is about equal, whereas about 85% of humans are right-handed. Studies showed that apes consistently using the same hand fished out 30% more ants than those varying between the two.

  这道题的难度不是听出"fished out 30% more ants"是和A选项的"more successful"是同义词互换,而是很多同学会将前面的"right- and left-handedness is about equal"误认为就是B选项的"same proportion of left- and right-handers",而导致选错答案。也就是我们上面刚刚提到的需要排除错误选项即干扰信息。这就是我们所说的做选择题的另外一个思路——剔。

  总的来说,选择题主要是由于审题时间不够,朗阁海外考试研究中心建议各位考生,除了要尽力提高阅读速度以外,找到重点信息是非常重要的,换句话说就是省略掉不需要细读的信息——略,然后由于选项并没有详细的研究,因此在听题的过程中听到答案的时候不要过于快速的下笔选择,而是应该注意分辨出干扰信息,剔除掉错误的选项——剔,这样正确的答案就离我们更加接近了。

  以上就是关于雅思听力选择题难点解析的全部内容,非常的详细。大家可以看到,这篇雅思听力答题方法从答案的选择,听力的过程这两个方面来应对雅思听力选择题。大家可以在自己的雅思听力备考当中针对性地对这些技巧进行适当的练习。预祝同学们在雅思考试中取得好的成绩。

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